The Process of Getting a Tooth Implant
Teeth implant surgery involves replacing missing teeth roots with a metallic post or stud, which is screwed into the patient’s jawbone. The metal post acts as an artificial tooth root that anchors the false teeth or the crown.
Parts of a Tooth Implant
The following are the parts that make up a tooth implant:
- The implant – This is the metallic part of a dental implant, and it’s made of titanium because titanium is biocompatible. When you decide to replace your missing teeth/tooth with dental implants near you, this screw will act as your artificial tooth’s root and is going to be placed on either the upper or lower jawbone depending on the location of the missing tooth.
- Abutment – The abutment is normally made from porcelain due to aesthetics reasons, but other materials can be used depending on the patient’s preference. Such materials include gold, titanium, zirconia, and stainless steel. The abutment serves as an adapter or filler that joins the dental crown to an implant. Your dentist will screw it into your implant to add support to your crown. This makes it hard for your crown to crack or loosen up when biting pressure is applied.
- The crown – The crown is the top-most part of a tooth implant that will make your implant look similar to natural teeth. It will get screwed or cemented onto your abutment to act as a cap and is the final procedure of getting dental implants. Although crowns are tough, they do crack sometimes. Patients are advised to have a cracked crown replaced for the better of their oral health.
If you are looking for a reputable dentist in Florida to book with, try Dr. Reda A. Abdel-Fattah. He is a dentist in Boca Raton, 33486, who works at Dental TMJ Sleep Apnea, a medical facility that offers sleep apnea treatment, general and cosmetic dental services, and also treats orofacial pain and TMJ disorders.
Dental Implant Procedure
Below is the step by step guide followed during an implant procedure:
- Initial Consultation
Before going for implant surgery, you should first see a certified dental practitioner like a prosthodontist determine whether or not you are fit to be a candidate.
- Dental Examination
Your oral care provider will perform an oral examination and review your medical and dental history. He/she will also take x-rays of the jaw where your tooth/teeth are missing and create your teeth’ dental impressions.
- Oral CT Scan
There are cases where a CT scan is necessary to help the dental practitioner know if the patient’s remaining jawbone is sufficient for implantation. If the jawbone is insufficient such that it cannot hold a tooth implant, bone augmentation may be recommended. A CT scan also helps dentists locate dental structures like nerves and sinuses that must be avoided during implant surgery.
- Bone Grafting
If the CT scan or x-ray shows that you don’t have enough jawbone, your dentist will take bone tissue from other areas such as the hip or chin or a donor. If none of these methods is readily available, artificial bone materials like calcium phosphate will be added to the patient’s jaw.
- Initial Incision
During this procedure, a section of the gums where your implant is going to be placed is cut to create an access route to your missing tooth socket.
After a successful gum incision, next comes the drilling. The drilling is done into the patient’s bone for the purpose of installing the metallic post into the jawbone. After the installation procedure is complete, the gum incision is stitched and given time to heal.
- Healing Period
The healing period is usually between 3 to 6 months and varies from one patient to another. After the wound has healed completely, you can now return to the dentist for the second procedure.
- Abutment and Dental Crown Placement (Second Procedure)
During this dental visit, the abutment is first placed, followed by the tooth crown. Once the crown placement is complete, you will have completed your dental implant procedure.
Types of Dental Implants
The two main types of teeth implants are:
- Endosteal implants
- Subperiosteal implants
Benefits of Having Implants
- Improved speech, comfort, and self-esteem
- Better oral health
- Chewing becomes easier
- Implants are durable compared to other teeth replacement options like dentures